- ▪ I. ration ra‧tion 1 [ˈræʆn ǁ ˈræ-, ˈreɪ-] noun [countable]a fixed amount of something such as food or petrol that you are allowed to have when there is not much available:
• Food is in short supply and the country has apparently tightened rations (= made less available to each person ) .[m0] ▪ II. ration ration 2 verb [transitive]1. to control the supply of something such as food or petrol by allowing people to have only a fixed amount of it:
• Cuba has rationed food for four decades, largely because of the U.S. embargo.2. to allow someone to have only a small amount of something, or less than they would like, because there is not enough:
• The company rationed people to 200 new shares each.ration something → out phrasal verb [transitive]to give out supplies of something in small amounts:
• They had to ration out supplies of the best-seller to one per customer.
* * *Ⅰ.ration UK US /ˈræʃən/ noun [C]► a limited amount of something that you are allowed to have when there is not much of it available: »
Each family has to make do with a weekly ration of gas.»
With ranchers reducing their herds because of high-priced grain rations, some see retail beef prices jumping more than 10% next year.Ⅱ.ration UK US /ˈræʃən/ verb [T]► to control the supply of something when there is not much of it available, or to limit the amount of a particular thing that someone is allowed to have: ration sth to sth »
The garage was forced to ration gas to 20 litres per person.ration sb to sth »
During the war, people were rationed to just 50 grams of meat a week.rationing noun [U]► »
the rationing of credit during the credit crunch
Financial and business terms. 2012.