ration


ration
I. ration ra‧tion 1 [ˈræʆn ǁ ˈræ-, ˈreɪ-] noun [countable]
a fixed amount of something such as food or petrol that you are allowed to have when there is not much available:

• Food is in short supply and the country has apparently tightened rations (= made less available to each person ) .

  [m0] II. ration ration 2 verb [transitive]
1. to control the supply of something such as food or petrol by allowing people to have only a fixed amount of it:

• Cuba has rationed food for four decades, largely because of the U.S. embargo.

2. to allow someone to have only a small amount of something, or less than they would like, because there is not enough:

• The company rationed people to 200 new shares each.

ration something → out phrasal verb [transitive]
to give out supplies of something in small amounts:

• They had to ration out supplies of the best-seller to one per customer.

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Ⅰ.
ration UK US /ˈræʃən/ noun [C]
a limited amount of something that you are allowed to have when there is not much of it available: »

Each family has to make do with a weekly ration of gas.

»

With ranchers reducing their herds because of high-priced grain rations, some see retail beef prices jumping more than 10% next year.

Ⅱ.
ration UK US /ˈræʃən/ verb [T]
to control the supply of something when there is not much of it available, or to limit the amount of a particular thing that someone is allowed to have: ration sth to sth »

The garage was forced to ration gas to 20 litres per person.

ration sb to sth »

During the war, people were rationed to just 50 grams of meat a week.

rationing noun [U]
»

the rationing of credit during the credit crunch


Financial and business terms. 2012.

Synonyms:
(of food or drink),